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The reproductives live in a central room in the nest where a lady , or queenwill put many thousands of eggs each year over her entire life span of about 10 years. Man, or kings, are responsible for fertilising the queens. Reproductives are commonly observed.
The young termites grow in the colony by shedding cuticles at the end of every growth phase, gradually changing until they get to the worker, soldier or adult (winged form). If queens die, some supplementary reproductives can carry on the colony as neotenics.
Reproductives are generally darker than employees and soldiers. They have functional eyes and their more robust skin (cuticle) is able to resist the external environment. Once flight, unlike other insects, the deciduous wings of termites are discarded and piles of discard wings are a good hint to termite infestations.
Officials have , bigger heads that are darker than the other castes. They are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs.
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Soldiers are more demanding than the other castes and take longer to die from many toxins, exposure, or starvation. It is their role to defend the colony, if upset, while the damage is repaired by the employees.
Soldiers exist in different types. Many species have soldiers, together with well-developed jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, such as ants.
Nastute soldiers occur in Nasustitermes species and therefore are only rarely found as pests in Victoria. They have a snout where they eject a tacky solution which disturbs and glues attackers.
Soldiers have a head, which can be wedged in tunnels to prevent attackers. Are only occasional introductions to Victoria.
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The workers account for the largest number of termites within the colony, and are therefore responsible for the maximum harm.
They collect food construct tunnels and repair damage in addition to tending to the kings, queens and their young. These termites are believed to operate 24 hours per day during their 4-year life span. Worker termites are generally unpigmented. They are blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. .
Termites hatch from eggs which have been tended by their nest mates in specially constructed nurseries.
As soon as they're mature enough, the young work within the colony where jobs change with age and maturity.
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Once a single colony becomes sufficiently large it generates winged reproductives which wait in specially constructed chambers until ready to depart the nest and undertake a colonising flight.
They leave the nest as a swarm under conditions of high humidity, still air, and sometimes light. Termites are not strong fliers and usually only fly up to 1km, but breezes and updrafts can take them much farther.
Upon landing near a suitable nest site, the female sheds her wings and emits a calling scent. Men respond.
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They dig in and within the next few weeks, partner and Full Article look after their young until enough workers develop to take over the maintenance roles.
New colonies are sometimes established via budding. This is thought to occur when the extremities of the colony get rid of contact and eventually become independent.
The main king and queen are believed to emit hormones, which suppress the sexual development of the rest of the colony. However, this control breaks down if the territory is large or contact with groups is dropped.
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Termites work collectively in nests or colonies. They hatch from eggs as larvae, which can be fed by adult termites. They then develop into castes or four kinds of termite:
Soldiers have large, black heads, are blind, wingless, and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Soldiers are more demanding than other castes and might take longer to control. Several species of soldier termites have strong jaws (mandibles) used to crush attackers, such as ants.
Employees are colourless, blind, wingless and have undeveloped reproductive organs. Workers are the largest caste within a colony and are, therefore, responsible for damage.
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Reproductives that are darker in colour to other castes, have functional eyes and robust skin. This caste becomes the leaders of colonies.
The temperature, food grade, and action of the colony will determine how long it takes for a termite to develop from egg to adult.
Nests and tunnels are kept moist because employee termites cannot stand humidity for long intervals. The temperature within the nursery of a massive nest ranges between 10 C and 35 C but changes more than one degree a day. The relative humidity is approximately 100 per cent.
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It's important to correctly identify the kind of pest termite before beginning treatment. This can help you understand the habits of this colony, find the nest and indicate the system of control.